In this paper, Marie-Laurence Flahaux uses data from the Migration between Africa and Europe (MAFE) project with IMI’s DEMIG POLICY and DEMIG VISA databases to study the impact of migration policies in France, Italy and Spain on the likelihood of Senegalese migrants returning home.
Flahaux finds that policies which restrict migrants’ length of stay and those that encourage or force migrants to return do not affect the likelihood of return. Policy restrictions on entry to a country however, do have an impact. These policies intended to reduce the flow of African migrants to Europe can actually result in migrants already in Europe staying.
- Download the full working paper
- Find out more about the DEMIG – Determinants of International Migration project