Using new data from the DEMIG C2C database and MOxLAD database for the 1974–2010 period, author Edo Mahendra shows the existence of such a migration hump in the case of Mexico after the introduction of the trade liberalisation agreement NAFTA.
The paper finds that nature of trade and migration relationship changes over time. In the short term, an increase in trade is likely to increase migration and thereby can be considered complements, but in the long term they become substitutes.
- Download the full working paper
- Find out more about the DEMIG – Determinants of International Migration project