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This paper presents a conceptual framework to examine how the state shapes international migration in origin and destination countries, particularly in former colonies transitioning to independence or non-sovereignty. This paper proposes an expanded view of the state’s relevance in migration and introduces a conceptualisation of a country’s transition from colonial status to independence or non-sovereignty. This is done by presenting four hypothetical scenarios of the different ways in which migration patterns shift in reaction to the introduction and timing of independence and border regimes.



Working paper


International Migration Institute

Publication Date




Total pages



Migration policies, non-migration policies, migration determinants, emigration, independence, non-sovereignty